In Costa Rica about 12.000 plant species ( that´s 4 % of the worlds known species) can be found. Diverse ecological habitats offer a living space for a wealth of plants in a small country of only 51.000 km²
Here we want to introduce you to some of them:
Fig-tree: The genus Ficus, with about 800 species. One of the most interesting tropical plant-families is the Moraceae. Fruits of fig-trees are food for birds and monkeys, which function as seed dispersers. A young Ficus plant lives epiphytic on trees until its roots reach the ground. As time passes, the roots get stronger and thicker and wind around the host-tree. This stops the tree´s supply of water and nutrients. Eventually, the tree is dies, and that is why the spanish calls them "matapalo" meaning "tree-killer".
Tree-ferns: In Costa Rica one can find about 800 fern-species, 300 of them are tree-ferns reaching heights of up to 12m.
Orchids: Over 1400 species in Costa Rica, one of them, Cattleya skinerii, is the national flower. Fans of orchids and flowers in common should not miss a visit of one of Costa Ricas´ botanical gardens, like Jardin Lankester in Cartago.
The tropical dry forest is characterized by the shedding of leaves, relatively low diversity of species and many adaptations to the aridity, like succulents. In Costa Rica you can experience the tropical dry forest in Sta.Rosa-nationalpark. This unique vegetation type is the rest of a former huge wooded area, that covered the entire pacific coast from Mexico to South-Ecuador.
Along the coastal regions on both sides, Atlantic and Pacific, a salt-tolerant vegetation could establish.
We would like to thank all our guests who have been travelling with us since 1994 in the most beautiful time of the year - their well-deserved holidays. When developing itineraries for groups and individual travelers, selecting our local service partners and caring about the well-being of our guests, we always focus on the highest possible quality standards. Since the founding of Amadeus Travel, we have been committed to sustainable tourism as the only long-term viable form of tourism, e.g. through our social commitment, visiting and supporting private and state nature reserves as well as the training of our team and experienced, fully licenced tour guides.